Create an account to contribute to this site!
Michael Llewelyn Davies
Michael Llewelyn Davies (June 16, 1900 – May 19, 1921) was the fourth of five sons of Arthur and Sylvia Llewelyn Davies. Along with his brothers, he was the inspiration for J. M. Barrie's characters Peter Pan, the Darling brothers, and the Lost Boys. He and his eldest brother George were the boys closest to Barrie, and he is widely reported as the individual who most influenced the portrayal of Peter Pan in the 1911 novel based on the play. Late in life, his only surviving brother Nico described him as 'the cleverest of us, the most original, the potential genius.' He drowned in suspicious circumstances with his close friend – and possible lover – Rupert Buxton just short of his 21st birthday.
Michael was born three years after Barrie became friends with his older brothers and mother in 1897. He was an infant as Barrie was writing the first appearance of Peter Pan as a newborn in The Little White Bird. He was four and a half years old when Peter Pan, or The Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up debuted in December 1904. The following winter, he was ill for several months, so in February 1906 Barrie and producer Charles Frohman brought scenery and some of the cast to the family's home in Berkhamsted to perform the play for him. Barrie began writing a sequel to Peter Pan about the boy's brother, to be entitled Michael Pan, but instead incorporated this material (such as the hero's nightmares) into the novel Peter and Wendy.
The statue of Peter Pan in Kensington Gardens, erected in secret overnight for May Morning in 1912, was supposed to be modeled upon photographs of Michael Llewelyn Davies at the age of six, dressed as the character. However, sculptor George Frampton used a different child as his model, leaving Barrie very disappointed with the result. 'It doesn't show the devil in Peter,' the writer said.
Barrie became guardian of Michael and his brothers following the separate deaths of his father (1907) and his mother (1910). He and Barrie remained very close as he grew up and went away to school, particularly after his eldest brother George died in combat in Flanders during World War I in 1915. His youngest brother Nico later described Michael and George as 'The Ones': the boys who meant the most to Barrie. Michael attended Eton College, where he had difficulty adjusting to life away from his family, and exchanged letters with 'Uncle Jim' Barrie on a daily basis. He also suffered from nightmares, which he had experienced since childhood. Nonetheless, he made a number of friends and excelled at his studies, including art and writing poetry, and was described as a 'brilliant boy', one destined for great things.
After finishing at Eton, Michael attended Christ Church, Oxford, where he continued to correspond regularly with Barrie. He briefly decided to study art at the University of Paris, but returned to Oxford. Several friends from Eton had joined him there, but he also became very close to Rupert Erroll Victor Buxton, the son of Sir Thomas Fowell Victor Buxton, 4th Baronet and a former pupil of Harrow School. The two became inseparable friends, spending time both at the university and on holiday together. Rupert was also a poet, and had an interest in acting. Rupert was one of the few friends of Michael whom Barrie reported getting along with.
In an interview taped in 1976, Conservative politician Robert Boothby, who had been a close friend of Michael at Eton and Oxford, spoke about Michael's relationships during this time. When asked if Michael was homosexual, Boothby – who was reported by newspapers to have had a homosexual relationship as an adult – replied that it was "a phase... I think he might have come out of it." Boothby also said, "I don't think Michael had any girlfriends, but our friendship wasn't homosexual. I believe it was – fleetingly – between him and Senhouse...." Boothby reported that he had discouraged Michael's relationship with Rupert, warning of "a feeling of doom" he had about him. Although Boothby criticised the relationship between Davies and his surrogate father Barrie as "morbid" and "unhealthy", he dismissed the notion that there was a sexual aspect to it. But he volunteered that there had been a sexual relationship between Michael and Rupert.
Michael did have close female friends as well, including writer Eiluned Lewis, whom his brother Nico later speculated would be likely to know if he'd expressed any romantic interest in girls. Another friend was Olympic rowing silver medalist Sebastian Earl.
Unlike his three older brothers, Michael did not serve in World War 1. He had applied for an officer's commission in the Scots Guards, but dropped it when the war ended. In the spring of 1921, he signed up as a private (a big step down from his earlier application) in the London Scottish Regiment, 14th Battalion London Defence Corps, apparently through Oxford's Office Training Corps (and thus not formally enlisted).
Shortly before Michael's 21st birthday, he and Rupert drowned together in Sandford Pool, a body of water formed by a weir near Sandford Lock. The Oxford Magazine published the following in an obituary for the pair: 'Two House men whose loss would have been more widely and more deeply mourned, it would be impossible to find. They were intimate friends, and in their death they were not divided. It is we who must learn to live without them.' Barrie wrote a year later that Michael's death 'was in a way the end of me.'
The closeness of Michael and Rupert, combined with the uncertain circumstances of their death, led to speculation that the pair had died in a suicide pact. The Sandford Pool was well known as a drowning hazard (there were warning signs, and a conspicuous memorial for previous victims) and the pair had gone swimming there before. The water was 20-30 feet deep, but calm. Rupert was a good swimmer, but Michael had a fear of water and could not swim effectively. A witness at the coroner's inquest reported that one man was swimming to join the other, who was sitting on a stone on the weir, but he experienced 'difficulties' and the other dived in to reach him. However, the witness also reported that when he saw their heads together in the water they did not appear to be struggling. Their bodies were recovered 'clasped' together the next day. The coroner's conclusion was that Michael had drowned accidentally, and that Rupert had drowned trying to save him. Some later accounts report that their hands were tied to each other's, but this is probably just a misinterpretation of them being 'clasped' and surviving contemporary accounts do not report this. Michael's brothers Peter and Nico each later acknowledged suicide as a likely explanation, as did Barrie. Although Boothby in 1976 described Rupert as having 'an almost suicidal streak about him', he did not take a definite stand on whether Rupert had died trying to save Michael and/or impulsively joined him going under, or whether they had in fact died as the result of a suicide pact.
- Wikipedia: Michael Llewelyn Davies